Compliance


In most general terms, the database tracks research on EU law compliance. However, we distinguish and report results with regard to four distinct stages of the compliance process: transposition delay, formal implementation (transposition correctness), administrative implementation, and law application.

The first two refer to the formal (legal) part of the process and track the timing and correctness of the transposition of the EU rules in the member states.

 

For transposition delay, a ′0′ indicates no transposition delay while a ′1′ indicates transposition delay.

 

For formal implementation (correcntness of transposition), ′1′ indicates no problems, ′2′ - minor problems, and ′3′ - major problems and essentially incorrect transposition

 

The third stage refers to the administrative implementation of the legislation and includes the adoption of all administrative acts needed for implementation, the setting-up of all organizations neccesary for the enforcement, etc.

The last category goes beyond the formal part of the compliance process and look into the implementation and application. Application refers to the actual application of the rules by the affected parties - citizens, companies, NGOs, public organizations, etc.

 

For administrative implementation, ′1′ indicates no problems or sufficient administrative implementation, ′2′ - minor problems, and ′3′ - major problems and essentially insufficient administrative implementation.

 

For application, ′1′ indicates no problems or sufficient application, ′2′ - minor problems, and ′3′ - major problems and essentially insufficient law application.

Not all studies look into each of the four stages of compliance. We have ourselves mapped the original information from the articles and books onto our four-fold classification. If an article does not discuss a particular stage of the compliance process, we have left the cell empty.